Future tense chart

The last class of use of English Angie gave us homework. The homework was to make a chart of different future forms and when do we use them. I made 4 charts.

These are the charts:

future form

use

Will

Promises

EG: “I’ll send you the documents today.”
“I’ll check with our supplier and get back to you.”

Offers of help

EG: “I’ll phone Mike for you and ask about the project.”

Spontaneous decisions

“OK, so I’ll be in charge of phase two and Frank will be in charge of the last part.”

Predictions without evidence

EG: “I think this year will be a good year.” (just a feeling)
“I think in ten years’ time everyone in Germany will have a mobile phone.”

Official announcements

EG: “The agreement will terminate upon the closing of XYZ”.

Future form

use

Present continuous

(-ing) form + timeframe

We use present continuous for fixed plans in the future, plans where we are 100% certain that they will take place.

(subject + verb ‘to be’ + infinitive + ing)

EG: “I’m having lunch with the supplier on Tuesday.”
“On Monday I’m meeting the corporate team.”
“Next week we’re moving on to the next stage of the project.”

 

Future form Use
Simple present for future usage The simple present is used for events in the future that have been scheduled (like in a diary or a timetable).

EG: “The meeting starts at 5pm.”
“The train leaves at 9am.”
“The next presentation begins at 2pm.”

 

Future Form Use
Going to Going to + infinitive is used to signal an intention. The plan may not be 100% fixed but it is probably at least 80% fixed.

EG:  “Next summer I’m going to visit my parents in England.”

It is also used for predictions but with evidence (“will”, if you remember, is used for predictions without evidence)

EG: “It’s
going to rain.” (The sky provides evidence for your predictions).

Esta entrada fue publicada en 1AC2019, Ingles, Language. Guarda el enlace permanente.

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